Subject centered versus child centered approach to curriculum

Any expert in education knows that subjects overlap and the division is often arbitrary. These approaches can help educators engage their students and make their learning more meaningful and memorable.

The learning is compartmentalized and the students often never see the connections across subjects. It is easy to do and practical. Teachers must also take a student-centered approach when teaching.

I have heard that teaching is a science, and I have heard that it is an art. The subject-centered designer divides the curriculum into nice and neat subjects such as math, science, history, literature, etc.

Types of Curriculum Design: Subject Centered

Where the division of the curriculum stops depends on its purpose. It organizes the curriculum into basic concepts that are combined based on what they have in common. Despite this, the subject design is by far the most popular approach.

You need to be able to engage students throughout each lesson, and you must be able to connect to students on a personal level. Teachers must decide which they should emphasize more, depending on the class. For example, English can be broken down into writing, reading, speech, grammar, and more.

Teachers must themselves understand the material they are teaching to a very high degree, but they must also understand how to use approaches of teaching in a way that caters to the needs of their students.

In addition, every subject can be further divided into smaller parts. There are several standard models of curriculum design.

Subject-Centered vs. Student-Centered

A major criticism of this design is the lack of integration or horizontal articulation. The textbook is made by experts in the field who already know what knowledge and even experiences a child requires. In addition, the subject-centered design does not take into account the needs and interest of the students.

But I believe that in order to teach effectively, you must not only be a subject area expert. One of the most prominent is the subject-centered design. The essential knowledge of each area is gathered together to be taught to students.

Curricula should never be focused on only one of the two; it should be a mix of both subject area content and student needs. This structuring of the disciplines is for practical reasons.

Creating connections between the learner and the subject material will have a positive impact on their learning. Providing students with the information is not enough for a meaningful learning experience. I believe it is both. A subject-centered approach may be more appropriate in a high school or college-level class that demands a higher level of learning than lower level ages.Different approaches to a teacher education curriculum are discussed and the author offers her insight into which type of approach might work best.

The author elaborates on her own personal experience and how her philosophy. This insightful article will help you understand the difference between learner-centered and curriculum-centered classrooms. Constructivists adhere to learner-centered classrooms.

Standards-based teachers adhere to curriculum-centered classrooms.

Student -centered vs. subject -centered curriculum

Jun 05,  · Parkay et al. () state that, “Curricula vary considerably in the degree to which they [teachers] emphasize one or the other” (p. ). A subject-centered approach may be more appropriate in a high school or college-level class that demands a higher level of learning than lower level ages.

Teacher-Centered vs. Learner-Centered Teaching Style Learner centered" is the perspective which focuses on the learners’ experiences, perspectives, backgrounds, talents, interests, capacities, and needs.

In recent years, more teachers have moved toward a student-centered approach. However, some students maintain that teacher-centered education is the more effective strategy.

In most cases, it is best for teachers to use a combination of approaches to ensure that all student needs are met. For children, child-centered curriculum just feels like fun!

5. Scope High/Scope is an “active learning” educational approach that seeks to meet a childs needs on all levels social, cognitive, physical, and emotional.

Subject centered versus child centered approach to curriculum
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