For example, seven studies use population density or urbanization in their turnout models. In contrast, studies that distinguish between situations where these rules are strongly or weakly enforced or non-enforced e.
Five results, which in many ways complement Cancela and Geysemerge from this meta-analysis. While mandatory voting is unlikely to happen in the U. Hence, future studies could systematically compare various levels of analyses such as the local, regional and national levels, first in the same context and then, more broadly, to determine whether institutional or non-institutional factors have the same influence on macro-level electoral participation at any of these levels of analyses.
The question should no longer be: However, in the other half of the studies, this effect is either non-existent or positive, indicating that the effect of income inequality on turnout might be somewhat more complex than most studies indicate e.
According to Geys and Blaisturnout is higher under permissive institutions e. Table 3 Summary of the Effect of the Number of Parties on Electoral Turnout Importance of elections This meta-analysis supports the notion that more important elections, probably because of their higher stakes, have higher turnout Johnston et al.
Electoral closeness For close or competitive elections, the expectations from theory are clear: However, by merely confirming the consistent influence of three predictors on turnout, the findings of this meta-analysis are more conservative than the results of Cancela and Geys Horn ; Stockemer and Scruggs see Table 7.
The latter calculates turnout based on the voting-age population — that is, all adult residents that live in a given country see Endersby and Krieckhaus ; Highton I also find that the influence of most other predictor variables, including the type of electoral system, the number of parties, development, income inequalities and electoral closeness is inconclusive at best.
This manual search limited the overall number of articles to and returned slightly over regression models, which make up the corpus of this meta-analysis.
In 54 per cent of the cases the coefficients of the regression models show the expected negative and statistically significant effect. Additionally, they said gerrymandered districts cut across party lines reducing the number of competitive races and interest, and disgruntled citizens, fed up with the often contentious nature of politics, can choose not participate.
This is significant for the operationalization of independent variables, but, even more so, the dependent variable. Becker said only three of 10 voters participated in presidential primaries this year. Other measures of decisiveness, such as the percentage of legislative and executive seats that are filled in one election, confirm the finding that important elections matter Blais and Dobrzynska ; Stockemer and Scruggs Boulding and Brown While there are many ways of operationalizing the importance of elections, the most widely used operationalization is by the type of election e.Jul 27, · Voter Participation.
Follow the RSS feed for this page: Pew Research Center U.S. trails most developed countries in voter turnout. attitudes and trends shaping the world.
It conducts public opinion polling, demographic research, media content analysis and other empirical social science research. Pew Research Center. 4 THE STRUCTURE OF POLITCAL IDEOLOGY, AND ITS INFLUENCE ON VOTER TURNOUT: AN ANALYSIS OF THE AND PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS ABSTRACT This article uses data from the and waves of.
What Affects Voter Turnout Rates? Turnout varies greatly by state.
In the Presidential Election, 76% of eligible Minnesotans cast ballots, whereas only 45% of eligible Hawaiians did. Many different factors influence voter turnout levels. Built by Veracity Media on NationBuilder.
This meta-analysis covers articles, published in English-language peer-reviewed journals between January and December where voter turnout at the municipal, regional or country level is the dependent variable.
The Effect of Media on Voters: Field Experiment at the Moscow Mayoral Elections. Maxim Mironov, Alexandra Petrachkova* baseline for our analysis we take the presidential election which was held 18 months prior The majority of studies on mass media influence on voting behavior are based on.
Voter Turnout Trends around the World This report is a continuation of International IDEA’s earlier publications on voter turnout, but in a much shorter form.Download